Where do the mathematical terms come from?

The book perform Gnesis tells that, after creating the world, God made animals electronic led them to Ado, electronic man gave names to domestic animals, t birds perform electronic cu to wild animals. In the article published in Character magazine in 1888, the Englishman James Joseph Sylvester claimed for himself an equivalent distinction in the field of mathematics: Perhaps I can apply without immodesty the denomination of mathematical Adam, since I have given more names the creatures of mathematical reason perform that all operating system and other mathematicians together.

Perhaps a better known (ingenious electronic) 2 mathematical terms created by Sylvester is “matrix”, which he first used in 1850. The word comes from perform Latin “matrix”, which means “womb” or “uterus” electronic, therefore, it is widely used in livestock. Sylvester adopted it for his own purposes, arguing that some mathematical matrix is ​​a rectangular array of numbers perform which different systems of determinants can be generated, from perform from some personally common me belly.

Alis, operating system mathematicians love to take common electronic words and use them for their own purposes. For example, they would is a theorem in topology that every compact Hausdorff space is regular. Taking “from Hausdorff”, which I have learned refers to the German mathematician Felix Hausdorff (1868-1888), all the words in the therefore utterance of routine use. However simply because are unique in that they have the normal sense therefore “all” electronic “”.

Other mathematical terms thus result in electronic errors resulting in confusion throughout their history. Years ago, a colleague from Madrid tried to convince me that the trigonometry word “sine” would mean “breast” (in Spanish the two identical therefore words) electronic would reference rounded shape perform function graph.

The true origin of the word “jya”, which is “rope over bow” in the electronic script which was first used zero mathematical sense zero work Aryabhatiya, published in 499 by the Hindu Aryabhata, u Old. The corresponding word in arabic jiba”. T she ze spelled “jb”, because operating system arabs used to omit vowels. The result was that it was confused with “jaib”, which means “baa” electronic, so it was translated to “sinus” (“baa”) in Latin. This resulted in “seno” in Portuguese electronic and Spanish. from an algebra mathematical perform al-Khwarizmi to a Latin published in 1145 by the Englishman Robert of Chester. I will come back to them.

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