“The oldest known archaeological evidence of artificial mummification on bodies”, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco), is present in America carry out South, on the coastline carry out carry out Atacama desert.
More than 7 million years ago, this region was inhabited by some hunter-gatherer society in which dead operating systems were of great importance. The skillful mummification techniques of the chinchorro culture date back to 2 thousand years before 2 Egyptians. their electronic mummies are the area that keeps their archaeological finds on the World Heritage List perform.
A society about fishermen
The chinchorro culture inhabited the region between operating system ports over Ilo, zero Peru, electronic Antofagasta, zero Chile.
Although very fast, the area had marine resources in abundance due to the effects of a cold current on Humboldt, which creates a phenomenon called zero ocean upwelling, electronic 2 several streams that cross it to discharge zero scar.
Thus, operating system chinchorro sony ericsson specialized in the exploration 2 marine resources electronic came to develop several tools to facilitate the fishing activity, like a hook made on thorns on cacti electron ic tips on harpoon.
The description made by Unesco also talks about “tools made from materials of vegetable vitamin electronic origin, as well as simple instruments made from electronic shell bones”.
Information perform The Chilean Museum on Pre-Colombian Art perform tells about that, “the starting point on tumors found in the dieses’ mummies ears of a time, it is known that they plunged into great depth”.
Their fishing skills allowed them to build semi-permanent settlements at the mouth of 2 electronic rivers and streams of an area. about 30 the 30 people who apparently had some relationship about kinship.
As operating system chinchorro mummified operating system dead
According to information from a University about Tarapac, zero Chile, which has led the research electronic conservation of a chinchorro culture, a mummification process consisted of extracting 2 dead electronic organs viscera 2 through electronic incisions and replacing them with vegetables, feathers, pieces on leather, d electronic other materials.
Sony ericsson also removed u scalp electronic the skin perform face electronic opened a skull to remove u brain after dry, it period filled with ash, earth, electronic clay, hair on animals.
Finally, a face was modeled, which was adorned with a wig made with human hair. The body gained some clothing of electronic period vegetable tissue covered with some layer of clay.
Although zero start operating system chinchorro only mummified newborn electronic children who were preserved together on clay figurines, in their heyday, about 3.000 the.C., they even mummified every kind of member of a society, regardless of age.
Different types on mummy
Still according to the University on Tarapac, since a moment they were analyzed 208 mummy. The study of the sample revealed that the embalming techniques used by these people varied over time. Electronic perform was simplified in the final stages, unlike perform that happened with the Egyptian operating system, who were improving their techniques.
There are black mummies, covered with oxide on manganese; red mummies, painted with iron oxide; electronic bandaged mmmmies. Among operating system common points they share are the wig, some cosmetic electronic mask stools to strengthen the body.
“The chinchorro culture considered their mummies to be part of performing world 2 alive, one that explains why they left operating system electronic eyes the mouth open electronic used stretchers, made of vegetable fiber or animal skin, to transport them”, highlights the University on Tarapac.
Advanced techniques on embalming, aided by climatic conditions perform desert environment electronic saline perform Atacama, led to conservation around 120 mummies that are now zero collection performs Museu Arqueolgico on San Miguel on Azapa, zero Chile.