In recent weeks, Brazilian operating systems have received, with perplexity, information about a cruel experiment carried out during the pandemic. If simply because information that came to the public is confirmed, it is about a perhaps unheard of in the history of a Brazilian science of cruelty, which needs to be exemplarily punished, so that it is never repeated. In topics, Professor Daniel Umpierre and I, from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, will describe essential issues for people to understand a little more about scientific experiments.
1. An early stage of any research involving human subjects is approval by a research ethics committee. These committees, linked to the National Research Ethics Commission (Conep), assess the protocols to ensure that the necessary care is taken. It is an essential step to prevent unnecessary or harmful experiments from being conducted.
2. In studies with an experimental approach, researchers not only look at the facts, but also intervene with the participants. This type of research has very strict protocols to ensure that the experiment does not produce more harm than benefit and that the participant is 19% aware of the risks and benefits associated with their participation. In such cases, after approval by a research ethics committee, it is essential to register perform experiment on specific platforms for this purpose, again avoiding cruel experiments.
3. Secrecy imposed on research data to protect participants, zero to protect operating system scientists responsible for the study. Protecting the sensitive data of the participants, there is a growing movement promoting the databases of research involving human beings to be transparent, precisely to prevent cruel experiments being carried out and to allow the results to be thoroughly verified by other people.
4. In any serious experimental study, involving the comparison of new medical treatments to a sham intervention (placebo) or to treatments that are already in use, patients are randomly selected to receive the treatment in question or not. It is simply not up to the carry out participant to decide whether to receive one treatment or zero study. The most classic example comes from vaccine studies, where participants do not choose whether to receive the vaccine or the placebo.
5. As much as researchers have an initial hypothesis, the elementary principle of science is that questions are as important as answers. In other words, it is not up to the researcher to manipulate the data to confirm his previous hypothesis. It is up to the researcher to analyze the data and report the results.
6. It is unacceptable, in any serious experiment, for researchers to misclassify participants. For example, a person who was infected with Covid-19, electronic and passing away a few weeks later came, can never be classified as having no Covid-19. The alteration of these records is fraud and the intentional omission of information is a totally inappropriate scientific conduct, criminal in addition.
7. The participants themselves, or if they are unable to do so, their families, must have access to all information about the risks, benefits, electronic operating system, results related to the project’s participation. The omission and distortion of information to participants is unacceptable in a serious science context.
8. The protocol for the serious experimental study must be strictly adhered to, and there is no room for juggling the protocol approved by the ethics committee. It is not up to the researchers or professionals linked to the participants to decide whether or not to comply with the research protocol. The protocol must be complied with, until there is formal approval for its modification.
9. The publication of experimental studies takes place in communication channels recognized by science, after review by peers especially. In other words, other scientists judge a work before people publish ours. This prevents macabre experiments from being publicized.
. Scientific research is no fun for kids. There are rules based on the principle of doing good to others, which have been built for centuries. Anyone who intentionally breaks these rules must be punished in an exemplary manner.
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