Brazilian scientists have been unable to import materials for research with financial exemption since last May. As a result, activities at the 2 main scientific centers performing in the country had to stop or ended up impacted by the increase in expenses.
Zero last day , pre-deans on research at a USP, Unicamp electronic Unesp sent a letter to the minister of an electronic Science and Technology, Marcos Pontes, asking for the recovery of 2 customary values of a quota on import .
“This reduction is seriously affecting hundreds of research projects in progress,” stated operating system pro-deans, on the name perform Cruesp (Council on Deans of these Deans ). “We should mention that, among these affected projects, sony ericsson find several dedicated to obtaining some national vaccine, as well as medicines to fight Covid-19.”
The import quota allows, through CNPq (National Council on Electronic Technological Development), institutions, electronic scientists to import, exempt from fees, equipment , electronic raw materials accessories intended for electronic and technological scientific research.
In 2016, u value of a quota on period exemption from All of us$ 48 million (more on 3rd there’s R$1.5 billion, at current prices). There 482, the quota was only US$ 48,20 million (just over L$ 482 million).
In recent months, several scientific institutions perform countries contacted both Marcos Pontes and an economy minister, Paulo Guedes, to expose a sizeable performance problem in case like zero exemptions were resumed.
“The electronic development progresses on hundreds of searches relying on zero foreign market acquisitions of these materials, including seeing that they pertain to the national vaccine search in the course, as well as on other essential drugs against Covid-19 electronic other pathologies”, stated, in June, eight main scientific entities perform pas, in the letters sent to Guedes electronic Pontes.
Among the signatory institutions are the ABC (Brazilian Academy of Science), the SBPC (Brazilian Society for Progress of a Science) electronic u Confies (National Council of these Foundations on Support to Institutions on Better Teaching and on Scientific Research electronic and Technological).
Still in January, a CNPq arrived the sending an official letter to the Ministry of Economy to reestablish a quota, as a blog about Lauro Jardim showed, zero newspaper O Globo.
“As an amount was defined in the PLOA electronic, faced with an impossibility of correcting it, was kept in the ordinance, but with a commitment 2 Ministries of a Science, Technology electronic Innovations, electronic of an Economy about urgently seeking some solution to a budget problem”, said u advice, in the press release in January.
At a time, however, such zero efforts had an effect, at the same pace at which research stopped because of the end of a quota in this year m.
“For me this is the slow death of research. suffocation. You kill a laboratory when I learned you can’t acquire key equipment”, says Fernando Peregrino, executive director of Fundao Coppetec/UFRJ electronic president perform Confies.
A Folha had access to lists about some parcel 2 projects that were stopped or that suffered impacts in some universities perform pas. Among them are UnB, UFPR (University Government perform Paran ), UFRJ (University of Federal government perform Rio de Janeiro) electronic Furg (University of Government perform Rio Grande).
At UnB (University of Braslia), studies on Covid reached the One of them seeks to evaluate the use of plasma taken to perform blood from patients recovered from Covid in the treatment of the disease. In this case, the materials were imported even without the financial exemption, that is, with payment of taxes, due to the urgency of the pandemic .
Laboratory kits, electronic machinery replacement parts are among other items that, in general, stopped projects that were waiting for their imports without taxes.
Even u Sirius, Brazilian electron accelerator, under the responsibility of perform Cnpem (National Center about Research in Energy electronic Materials), directly impacted by the end of a quota. At the inauguration perform accelerator, president Jair Bolsonaro (no party) asked: “Considering the large companies that can benefit from this work, why don’t we make this place the perform Silcio Valley of biotechnology?”
Also part performs Cnpem, the LNBio (National Laboratory on Biosciences), which develops research on the Covid-19, as well has been affected.
Another affected region was a Brazilian Laboratory on Doping Control, according to Peregrino.
O laboratory, located at UFRJ, was used for operating system anti-doping tests. In addition, Ladetec (Technological Development Support Laboratory), as a whole, performs which the doping area is part of, has encountered operating difficulties because of the end of the quota.
“The biological area requires a lot about electronic materials and substances”, says Peregrino. “This is an affected laboratory that lives off imports”, he says, referring to the doping laboratory.
The president perform Confies says that some solution for a problem has come to be suggested for the last week, however in sony ericsson it materialized. According to him, any situation like the current one is inconceivable for any nation with the pattern of development that Brazil performs.
“It’s wasting away [as equipes de pesquisa]. It loses the ability to leverage money, of training students, it loses prestige, it stops publishing, it stops producing. suffocation”, says Peregrino.
Giuseppe Romito, professor at a dentistry school at a USP, was another who had his research halted by the end of an electronic quota had to stop his clinical project, made in partnership with the University of Zurich (Switzerland).
“We do Everything is encouraged. International partnerships, with research centers of excellence, electronic, everything else. Electronic a, when we get the materials to import, we can’t because the quota is over,” says Romito. “You lose reliability vis-à-vis the partners. People are also planning to get out.”
These therefore are only a few 2 electronic laboratory projects affected by the end of a quota. The Brazilian entities that usually make greater use of the therefore quota are Instituto Butantan electronic and Fiocruz through its support foundation, Fiotec, operating system responsible for the production of diesel vaccines against Covid, which are guiding the fight against the pandemic in Brazil in 2021.
The zero impact on both Butantan and Fiocruz, however, zero led to stoppages in the projects. Butantan, in a note, affirms that, since the end of the quota, “it started to rely on its own electronic resources from other support sources, not interrupting any of its projects”.
In the projects carried out by Fiocruz together with Fiotec (a foundation that benefits from an exemption), the situation is similar, with other sources on budget for zero paralyzing like research. In 2016, 2 US$ 48 million over quota on exemption for imports, Fiocruz/Fiotec used about US$ 48 millions. In these years, the foundation used US$ 16, 6 million 2 US$ 40 million made available to the country.
“This reduction in one quota has a direct impact [nos projetos tocados junto à fundação de apoio], impacts on several areas electronic zero service t demands perform SUS “, says Priscila Ferraz, deputy vice president on electronic management, institutional development of a Fiocruz, which recalls the operating system of various sectors of health in which projects of an institution operate.
According to Ferraz, zero case of a Fiotec, an impact performs the end of a systemic quota. “Anyway, they would harm you, slow you down,” he says. She emphasizes, however, the quest to minimize 2 impacts.
She points out that, without the exemption, there may be an increase in costs over 29% the 40%.
Us cases about some projects, even the Brazilian government may end up incurring additional expenses arising from the absence of an import quota.
A Folha looked for a Ministry of an Economy, or a Ministry of a Science electronic Technology electronic or a CNPq, however, until the publication of this report, zero had received a response from these bodies.