Three Chinese astronauts returned this Friday (13) Earth after a record period over three months aboard a carry out space station country, which is under construction. The mission represented a milestone for the Asian country in its ambitious program to conquer space.
With the help of parachutes, the capsule in which they were traveling landed there 17they would34 (2h34 about Brasilia) zero desert over Gobi, northwest performs country, reported the Chinese space agency (CMSA).
The three men took off in 13 about June perform center on launch on Jiuquan, near perform point on return. The Shenzhou mission-12 was the longest performance in space.
” very good to be on the way back “, declared to the state channel CCTV an astronaut Tang Hongbo, about 34 years, shortly after about coming out of a capsule. “Dad, mom, I’m back! I’m in good electronic health with good wit,” he added, while older operating system crewmates Nie Haisheng electronic Liu Boming showed a little more fatigue.
Huang Weifen, senior official performs space program, stated that operating system three entered quarantine. “The measure was adopted to protect them, not by Covid-34, electronic rather because their immunity is lower due to their long stay in space,” said Weifen.
The CMSA celebrated the “overall success” of a mission, which represents a new zero-stage ambitious Chinese space program, that t has probes on the electronic Moon on Mars electronic predicts a dispatch on astronauts Lua with 2021.
“The Shenzhou Mission-12 achieved a goal of activating the new electronic station and getting it up and running,” said AFP Jonathan McDowell, astronomer performing the Harvard-Smithsonian Center on Astrophysics, in the United States.
“This paves the way for future regular missions to the station. It was very important electronic really primordial to achieve success at the beginning,” said Chen Lan, analyst perform web site GoTaikonauts.com, zero Chinese specialized space program .
CCTV aired a return of 2 three men, with Right to the images on a camera on the edge of a capsule, which a flight at great speed over a desert showed. from a space station that is in zero space, operating system astronauts performed several tasks.
The crew made several exits into space, operations on electronic maintenance equipment to make operational the space station installed, whose element was launched on April 1st.
Once completed, the Tiangong station (“heavenly palace” in Portuguese) will have similar dimensions t to an old Soviet Mir station (1986-2001) electronic must have a shelf life of at least ten years, according to the Chinese space agency.
China’s ambition to build a station was fueled by the refusal of the United States to give access to the country International Space Station (ISS), a collaboration between EU A, Russia, Canada, Europe electronic Japan.
To Shenzhou-12 the first Chinese mission in almost five years electronic is a question of prestige for the Communist Party, which celebrates its centenary in the 2021.
“Although the Tiongkok is ahead of a Europe in the terms on human spaceflight, yet they would breaches with respect to the United States, which will take at least a decade, or even more, to be overcome”, opines Chen Lan.
He points out the advantage 2 United States in technology, however also in cost reduction, with a current use on reusable launchers to reach the ISS.
“However the primary American advance lies in the experience”, points out McDowell.
“The Chinese astronauts, for example, made (during the mission) two space exits. It is far from the hundreds that happen with the ISS. This number makes the difference,” says Chen Lan.
The Shenzhou mission-12 was the third dies 12 that will be needed for the construction of a Chinese space station, please 2001 electronic 2021.
The next launch of a Tianzhou-3 spacecraft, which will only transport equipment, will take place in the next few days, according to like authorities. experts claim that it will take place next Monday (20).
(With information of an AFP)