Archeologists Find More Than 2,700 Years Old Wine Presses in Iraq

Italian and Kurdish archeologists announced this Sunday (24) the discovery of presses for the production of wine and carved bas-reliefs in Iraq, from the time of the kings Assyrians, 2.700 years ago.

These remains were found by a joint mission between Italian archaeologists and the Directorate of Antiquities in Dohuk, Iraqi Kurdistan , in two archaeological sites of remains from the time of King Sargus 2 (700-705 BC) and his son Sennacherib, who succeeded him.

Near the archeological site of Khini, the remains of “an industrial-sized wine workshop” built in the 7th century BC were discovered, said AFP Daniele Morandi Bonacossi, Italian co-director of the team.

“We found wine presses used to squeeze grapes and extract their liquid and then transform it into wine,” said the expert, who will be the first such discovery in Iraq he specified.

At the archaeological site of Faida, in the north, they also found a dog. irrigation anal with nine kilometers in length.

On the canal walls, they discovered “twelve monumental bas-reliefs”, from the end of the 8th century BC or beginning of the 7th century BC, with five meters wide and two high.

According to the archaeologists, they were built at the request of Sargus 2 or his son.

Each of them “represents the Assyrian king praying before the gods”, explained Bonacossi, on the bas-reliefs in which “the seven most important deities of the Assyrian pantheon appear, represented in the form of a statue”.

“The statues are carried by sacred animals (. ..). Ishtar, the goddess of love and war, is on top of a lion,” said the archeologist at the University of Udine, Italy. Babylon and Assyria, inventors of the first types of writing and of the first sedentary cities.

Wine factory of 1.500 years

Less than ten days ago, the Israeli authorities presented the remains of a Byzantine-era wine production complex located in the south of the country, near the Gaza Strip, which would be the largest of its time , with an annual production of 2 million liters.

Within excavations carried out in Yavne, archeologists have unearthed, in the last two years, a vast site of wine production of 1.

years L, they found large presses, thousands of bottle fragments and wine storage locations.

The team of archeologists led by the Israeli Antiquities Authority discovered five presses of about 14 m2 to knead grapes, two large octagonal barrels to accumulate the must and two pottery ovens to heat the clay of the elongated nfora, called “Gaza bowls”, in which the wine aged.

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